Clusters and Modules Q-AOS Philosophy About Clusters Resource Recycling Cluster We are aiming to establish resource recycling and sustainable environment society systems. Our research activities are as follows; 1 To make an innovation of the technology to recover valuable metals from E-wastes and refractory ores by using biotechnologies. 2 To develop technologies to separate valuable metals from avoided elements in unused metals, and to immobilize avoided elements. 3 For sustainable mineral and fuel resources development in later developed ASEAN countries, to establish the infrastructure maintenance, to prevent disaster, to suggest policy about resource, and to develop mining system. 4 To search for functions based on Asian natural materials/information(such as plants, microorganisms, insects, agricultural/forestry/animal/fishery products, minerals, forklore and biodiversity) and to utilize them practically in society. Sustainable Environment Cluster We will provide countermeasures against unpredictable global climate changes and biodiversity crisis in recent years through the following actions: 1 establishing of the largest center of excellence of biodiversity research in Asia in order to clarify and conserve biodiversity in Asian and Oceanian Regions and to sustainably use of ecosystem functions and services. 2 taking measures against global environmental change based on the data from the monitoring system of weather and ocean in the Pan-Pacific. 3 forming the governance methods for reducing greenhouse gases emissions and for realizing low-carbon society. Urban Cluster For reaching the one of SDGs ," Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable", we will promote actual research and education that are on-site problem solving type and focus on plurality, diversity, and mobility, and we will develop international human resources in the field of urban planning who can support to make residential environment in Asia of the 21st Century. Furthermore, we are aiming both to identify social issues that should be solved in long term and to create a new academic research field through taking a leading role of Kyushu University in sustainable development in Asia and Oceania. Medicine and Health Cluster Against the backdrop of the sweeping processes of population ageing, urbanization and globalization affecting Asia and Oceania today and for the coming decades, this cluster engages in cutting-edge research and education to address persistent regional disparities in access to quality medical services and healthcare and in maintaining socio-economic wellbeing in later life. This cluster pursues this mission in collaboration with, and on behalf of, diverse stakeholders by: 1 Sharing the latest knowledge and experience in medicine and healthcare in a time- and cost-efficient manner by utilizing state-of-the-art telecommunication technologies; 2 Promoting preventive medicine that utilizes the latest ICT and versatile medical sensors in order to help reduce health disparities resulting particularly from a physician shortage; and 3 Conducting multi-disciplinary research on social structural factors affecting health, wellbeing and welfare to contribute to both academic literature and to policymaking at regional and national levels. Security and Disaster Prevention Cluster Now, we are facing various security issues and disasters in Asia and Oceania. These issues and disasters are (1) non-traditional security issues, such as trans-border crimes, traffic in person, and infectious diseases, (2) impacts of the rapid progress of information technologies, (3) social, economic, and political instabilities caused by aging and urbanization, (4) natural disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, typhoons, floods, and torrential rains. This cluster will identify the root causes of these problems and will find feasible solutions. Cultural Variation Cluster From long-term perspectives, we will analyze the variations of human activity including culture, politics and economy. By that, we are aiming to reveal cultural backgrounds where social issues that should be solved were caused, to suggest solutions of these issues, and to identify future issues.